Bengal (lat. Prionailurus (Felis) bengalensis), and the Far East, or the leopard cat — feline species of the subfamily of small cats. Bengal cats are found in South and East Asia. Their size is the size of a domestic cat, and on their huge habitat they are found in a variety of colors.
History of the breed began in the 60s of last century, the house cat lovers Jane Mill in the USA. Belonging to her female Bengal cat named Malaysia mated with a black pet seals and produced the charming spotted kitten. Unfortunately, the first great-Bengali, as her offspring, were killed and over rocks work resumed only in 1980.
Breeding cats breed by crossing with the wild — a very laborious process for which you want to have a few wild cats. Not every representative (Prionailurus bengalensis) is bred with smaller domestic cat. In addition, all male offspring from such matings — fruitlessly, so work on the rock are only kitties.
Fortunately, Jane Mill knew firsthand genetics and breeding practices of wild and domestic cats, and she managed to get offspring stably transmitting breed characteristics. BOB considered Bengali, lagging wild ancestor more than 4 generations.
The breed was introduced to the feline community exhibition in 1987. In 1991, the breed is officially registered and allowed to exhibitions and pedigree breeding.
One of the names of wild Bengal cat «leopard cat,» so it may be the assumption of its close relationship with the leopard. In fact, it is not closer to the leopard than a regular house cat, though, and belongs to a different genus — genus of Asian cats.
This is a major long-legged cat. Cats are slimmer, more elegant cats, while cats are very strong and muscular. This breed, in which even a layman can readily see the difference between a cat and a cat. Males weigh 6 — 7 kg, which is not uncommon, and the weight of cats on average about 4 kg. Cats have a thick round head thick with tanks and pronounced vibrissnye pads. The head is shaped like a broad wedge with rounded contours, longer than wide, with a big nose and highlight vibrissnymi pads. Ears are rounded and very small, less is better, tassels on the ears like a lynx is a serious defect. Several shorter front legs and, therefore, the longer the rear give the impression of a proud posture. Tail often hanging on the end rounded, with a black tip. Some cats have a pattern in the form of many small specks. Other large patches of uneven distribution, and can be a line, giving the spots kind of sockets. Wool has a more or less pronounced golden color, it is short, thick and fluffy. Wool is incredibly soft.
Brown spotted tabby «Leopard»: Primary color — from bright yellow to ocher, to back the color becomes darker, desirable white belly, at least the stomach should be lighter than the other parts of the body. Colour stains from black to dark brown, animals with the inner part of the socket outlets are brown. This color is most similar to the coloring of the leopard. Animals with a grayish tinge to the breeding is not allowed.
Head: A wide wedge with rounded contours, length greater than width. Compared with the body head is small, but not too much. Profile forms a shallow curve from the forehead to the nasal bones, the nose is large and broad, with a slight bulge. Muzzle volume, wide, with prominent speakers vibrissnymi pads and high cheekbones stand out.
Ears: Medium size, relatively short, semicircular, broad at the base, the base width equal to the length of the ear. The contour of the face, seen in profile, the slug is tilted forward. Brush, like a lynx is a disadvantage.
Eyes: Oval, permissible almond, large but not prominent, widely spaced, slightly above the outer corners of the Interior, eye color other than blue assume any.
Neck: Thick and muscular, large in relation to the body, not too long, in good proportion to the body.
Body: Long and strong, not slender like Orientals, large (but not as large as in most large breeds), strong backbone, in any case, not elegant. Muscles are well developed, especially in cats is one of the most important features of the breed.
Legs: Medium length, slightly longer than the rear of the front, with a strong bone structure, not graceful, and muscular, and large rounded paws. Paw pads black.
Tail: Thick, medium length, tapering to the end, with a black rounded tip.
HAIR: Dense, very soft to the touch, from short to medium length in young animals may be somewhat longer.
The breed standard (WCF)
Body: Medium-sized to large, muscular, stretched, strong. The limbs of medium length, strong and muscular. Paws are large and round. The tail is of medium length, thick, with a rounded tip.
Head: Massive skull, slightly more in length than in width, with rounded contours and a powerful, wide muzzle. Profile with easy transition. NECK: Long, powerful.
Ears: Small to medium size, slightly tilted forward, with rounded tips and spot wild color.
Eyes: Large, oval. Set well, at a slight angle. Assume any color other than blue and aquamarine, for snow bengal (force-LINKS) — just pure intense blue.
Coat: Short, dense, shiny, silky (as fur skins).
Colour: distinct, contrasting black or brown pattern, spotted or marbled special (marbled), on a golden-orange background. Bengal Snow (Seal Lynx) is a Colorpoint. Point have the same color as that of the Bengali. Housing somewhat lighter, but, unlike other colorpoints has shade and pattern corresponding to the color points. To the layman snow bengal unlike Colorpoint. Description of the drawings is listed colors. Recognizes the following colors: Brown tabby spotted, brown tabby blotched (marbled), forces spotted sepia, sepia marble forces (marbled), seal mink spotted seal mink marble (marbled), spotted lynx point forces and forces lynx point tabby (marbled).
Behavior and character
Bengal cats are absolutely not aggressive, but on the contrary, very affectionate.
They are in need of human care, attention and affection. In his devotion to the owner, they are like dogs — ready to do his master all: watch TV, take a bath, sit at the computer to sleep in the same bed. Do not forget that Bengalis require increased attention to the person of man.
When selecting breeding Bengals selected individuals with a balanced and trusting character, which is why Bengal cats are more trusting towards humans than all the other cats.
Another feature similarity Bengals with wild predators — is the preservation of some hunting instincts of their ancestors. They are just as smart and cunning, and began to play may start to imitate the hunt for game. They love the water, and if you take a bath, you can consciously jump into the water to you and your company to make bathing. And hardly surprising that to top it all, they use their front paws to carry various items.
The special features include the nature bengal stealth s self-confidence, but they are very sociable and not against » talk «with his master. Their voice is loud and wild.
For children Bengal cat is a great companion, so they get along well with other pets.
Since the bengals are not shy and self-confidence are difficult to subdue Me, and if the cat will feel more strong personality, she will not be offended, but just go away.
The most common Bengalis are tied to one who feeds them.
Modern Bengalis absolutely peaceful and get along well with children, but the first generation Bengal cats were more similar to their wild ancestors and were more quarrelsome and excitable.
Bengals belong to the short-haired cat with a smooth coat. It does not require combing, and cleaning (except during molting).
Regular grooming claws nail clipper. Necessary to have scratching posts, preferably high