The British cats is not only beautiful and stylish, great-looking and muscular cats, but also ideal roommates modern humans. They practically do not require special care, with affectionate and loved-up.
Currently, there are two options how could appear British Shorthair.
Option №1. In England, these cats have bequeathed the Roman conquerors of about 2 thousand years ago. Breeders of this breed were engaged only in the mid-19th century, when there was a modern and British Shorthair. All the time before the British existed on the islands of Great Britain and on the continent as ordinary domestic cats.
Variant №2. For this version of the British cats were bred in 1558 in France, in the monastery of the Grand Prix Chartier. Monks very Hotels preserve this breed only in his monastery, so only sold spayed or neutered cats.
K. Linnaeus in the 18th century began to allocate British cats as a separate breed. It was only in the 19th century English breeders have become the breeding of these cats. IDUs have set a goal: to get a cat with a certain appearance, coat and color. In 1930, the British were called Felis catus kartusinoum.
The founder of the breed is the Harrison Weir, who founded the movement of British cats lovers. First judge on the show became a close friend of Weyer, Mr. Jung.
For the first time this breed was shown in London, but the First World War stopped the further development and spread of this species. After okonchniya war was extremely difficult to find good representatives of the breed, but Miss K. Wilson, together with other external students and using domestic cats similar breed qualities, was able to restore the breed. Some breeders have also been used in the Persian breed beds for recovery of the breed.
To improve the genetic inheritance breeders admixed breeds such as Russian blue and chartreuse. This led to some improvements in health britnatsev, but the breed standard has changed. A mixture of Britons with the Persians gave the best results, and it is to her and had to go back.
The recognition by the American Association of British shorthair cats occurred in 1950. Already in 1967, were brought to America the first British breeding on the continent.
CFA approved status for the British championship in 1980. A little later from the British Shorthair breed separated by breed scottish fold, which is distinguished by its drooping ears.
The British are the most ancient breeds of domestic cats UK. That the British were at exhibitions like the very first pedigreed cat England. Britz similar to plush soft toys. It was her «plush» fur and good nature makes it very popular among people of all countries.
The British dense and plush fur, the eyes are large and round, orange, and a large head with rounded cheeks — how not to love such a miracle?!
For the British Shorthair cats characterized by a wide body with short legs and a plush but not fluffy tail. Males are usually larger than females.
The color coat in British Shorthair cats can be different plain colors: marble, bicolor, and other color-point. The most common shade of hair is blue. He became so popular and widespread that even the breeders decided to allocate it to the Hotel breed «British Shorthair blue cat».
Living in the British average of 9-15 years. British blue cat is very similar to the Russian blue, but differ in their size and color of eyes.
Since the British are very smart and all grasp on the fly, they respond well to training. Because of this, they became heroes in several television tapes.
As you can see, the British Shorthair (BCS) — a powerful «plush» cat. But the standard is yet and coat color and pattern, color. Some know that such a «greyish» color is called blue. But still there and the «purple» color. He just called, purple. In fact, the British had purple plush, color blue mink coat. Svetlenkie such and rich. And purple on them — pads paws and nose. And the British are black and white, chocolate and red (officially — red), two — and three-color. And even silver and gold (a rarity!). Silver and gold patterned on the British Wool popularly called «Whiskas» (Think TV commercials feed Whiskas purr with the palm tabby kitten, and you’ll understand — why). And on the scientific — tabby, tabby or rather.
Body: Medium to large size, muscular, with a broad chest, shoulders, large, thick and dense.
Legs: Short and dense. Paws round and firm.
Tail: Short and thick with a rounded tip.
Head: Round, massive, with a broad skull, perfectly developed, short and strong neck.
Nose: Short, broad and straight, with a slight indentation, without stop.
Ears: Medium size, wide at the base, slightly rounded.
Eyes: Large, round, open, wide apart. Color according to the color.
Coat: Short, dense, fine texture, not adjoining, with a thick undercoat.
Colour: any permissible.
The most popular colors — solid (blue, black, purple, chocolate), followed tabby and silver tabby, their varieties: the spot, strip and marble. COLOUR British cats a whole lot of:
Solid, ie colors, in which the entire body is uniformly colored cat in one color. Without a single point.
Tortoiseshell — a combination of black with red, blue with cream, with such desirable color varieties more even mix of black (blue, etc.) And red (cream) color. However, due to the fact that the selection (ie, one or another selection pairs) can not affect the distribution of spots in color, to the turtles do not impose such strict requirements in color, as in solid colors.
Smoke (smoke, chinchilla, cameo, ) — absorbed part of the colorant in the guard hair, color is preserved only in the upper part of the hair. Smoky cat — a cat contrasting color: undercoat shall be as white as possible, the tips of the hair — black. Most will be dark back, head, legs; lighter — boka, collar and ears. The color of the body — from black to smoky silver on the sides. The muzzle and legs — black with no markings. Collar and ears — silver. Undercoat white as possible. Eyes — copper or orange large, round.
Tubby (striped, marble, spotted, ticked). Classic tabby (marble) (Blotched tabby) Color — markings (tabby) cats should be very clear, contrasting. On the forehead should be mark as «M». From the corner of the eye should be a continuous line drawing on the cheeks; line from occiput go across the back, down to his shoulders, forming a pattern in the form of a butterfly. On the neck and chest — continuous ring, the more the better. On the back there are three parallel lines separated from each other by the main color. Each side should have a clear picture on the hips — a complete circle. Belly spotted. On the feet of the ring should be the main color. The outer side of the hind leg to the hock — one color with markings.
Bicolors (combination of primary colors with white). The combination of the basic color (a solid, tortoiseshell) with white. Painted parts should be clearly limited to white and not less than 1/3 and not more than 1/2 of white color, should not have white hairs. One of the ears should always be painted, preferably a large colored spot on his head. Valid small spots on the back of colored spots on the back, colored spots on the legs (with an overall degree of compliance shaded).
Colorno (Siamese) scheme color. Body (cloak) white painted only feet, tail, ears and mask on the face.
The British cats calm, gentle, intelligent, neat, are in good health. The British are very fond of human society, but if you are not home all day, they will find what to do and will look forward to your return home. British cats love to communicate with people characteristic meow. They are happy to enter into a dialogue with the owner and it may continue for a long time.
The British do not require special care. The only thing you need to remember — British cat absolutely can not eat fat. In principle, this is the only condition.
Wool care is not required, but it is desirable to comb (while in no case can not be used puhodёrku) and washed. Also be sure to give vitamins during molting.
Britnatsy thrive in an apartment and there is no need to walk them on the street. Britntsy though and sociable, but do not require too much attention to himself. They are playful, but in moderation, and if the owner will encourage some kind of game, it may well become a good habit.
The British cats do not need special grooming, their hair is not straying into mats, but nonetheless recommended comb them with a soft brush from time to time.
The British susceptible to diseases obesity and tartar. To eliminate tartar recommend adding food chicken wings or small skeletal bones, and for the prevention of obesity are sometimes recommended to feed the cats diet, not too greasy food.
It is with the British Shorthair Lewis Carol sketched his «Cheshire Cat» — their smiles are very similar.