Diseases of the respiratory system Cat
What to do when problems of the respiratory tract and what are the main diseases associated with them
Rhinitis in Cat
The appearance of mucosal inflammation in the nasal cavity is called rhinitis. Varies as follows: Primary — with mechanical damage and secondary — in viral hepatitis. The disease occurs in several forms: acute and chronic; catarrhal, croupous (fibrinous) and follicular rhinitis.
Rhinitis, especially its chronic form, usually in cats occurs as a secondary disease. Typically, the disease is a consequence of exposure to cold, air pollution, smoke, dust, etc.. Moreover clogged airways irritation occurs, caused intoxication, difficulty breathing, swelling of the mucous membranes appear. Animal begins fever. Inflammation can also spread to the larynx, pharynx. Also rhinitis can occur as a consequence of an infectious or parasitic disease.
The symptoms of rhinitis in cats
The first symptom is sneezing. Cat manifested great concern, rubs his nose on various surfaces, t paws nose licked. Later there is a serous issue, after it becomes slimy, then mucopurulent, or even hemorrhagic. Near the nostrils appear brown. In this animal can not breathe normally starts puffing. In that case, if the nasal passage is clogged completely, cat mouth breathing. In chronic rhinitis can last a very long time, dragging sometimes even years, with repeated exacerbations. The mucosa is damaged manifestations erosion, atrophy, scarring. If rhinitis follicular or croupous, illness accompanied by a general depression, fever, shortness of breath. The mucosa is covered by fibrinous strata, which remain after the bleeding erosion.
Precise, definitive diagnosis is a specialist on the basis of a general analysis of the symptoms.
Treatment of rhinitis in cats
To direct the main effort should be to treat the causes of disease. Nasal passages are subjected to purification from crusts, mucus and other damage, washed his nose by various astringent solutions, mucous smeared antiseptic, also used antibiotics, sulfonamides by inhalation. Nostrils smeared with Vaseline to avoid the appearance of crusts. Appointed UHF-therapy.
For the prevention of disease should throw all efforts at prevention of diseases, which is a complication of rhinitis. You should also comply with hygiene standards, tempered the body of the animal. And also to protect the animal from the zones in which polluting the air with smoke, dust and other substances.
Laryngitis at Cat
is called laryngitis disease manifested by inflammation of the mucosa of the larynx. Forms of the disease: primary and secondary, acute and chronic, catarrhal and croupous, laryngitis, laringofaringity.
The reasons are mainly similar to those that rhinitis — mechanical trauma, cold. The secondary form of the disease is manifested in infectious diseases such as plague, rabies, tuberculosis.
Symptoms of laryngitis in cats
The first symptoms of the disease — a purse, voice alteration of the animal, pain in the throat.
Based on the results of a survey of the animal, becoming an accurate diagnosis. The survey carried out to determine the true causes of disease manifestation of symptoms. If timely action to accept the treatment of disease, there is complete recovery within two weeks. In the case of the chronic form of laryngitis, animal health alternates, ranging from acute to improve. In consequence of asphyxia cat can die.
Treatment of laryngitis in cats
The first step in treatment should be to address the causes of the disease. Cat ailing laryngitis, protect from drafts, moisture, placed in a warm place. Assigned a diet. The larynx should be treated by various vegetable oils, astringent solutions. In the region of the larynx superimposed hot compress. Also used in the treatment of antibiotics, sulfonamides. Appointed by the UHF-therapy and UV irradiation. In the case of allergic reactions used drugs such as suprastin, tavegil, cromolyn sodium, Intal, fenkarol, prednisolone, promethazine, Diazolinum. In case of asphyxia appointed tracheotomy.