Kuril Bobtail cat
Kuril Bobtail — cat native to the Kuril islands of Kunashir and Iturup. Cats have a strong body and good health. The tail of these cats can range from small pompons, to no great pruning. Cats are not afraid of water, perfectly tolerate cold. Cats are very intelligent, active and get along well with others.
Kuril Bobtail — acquired his tail in the process of natural mutation. The Kuril Islands mutation staunchly entrenched in isolation. Severe nature made her mark on the formation of Kuril Bobtail, whose menacing glance forest hunter, powerful physique, sharply distinguish it from all previously known short-tailed breeds. Beauty and uninhabited wildness and natural parts of our country as in a mirror captured in this breed.
Renowned volcanologist, Markhinin Krnstantinovich Eugene, who worked in the Kuril Islands since the mid-fifties, in his book «Chain of Pluto,» notes that «in the Kuriles many unusual pet cats whose tails are short, like rabbits» («Thought» Moscow, 1965 p.210.). These, favorite funny cats brought geologists and military on the mainland. At the end of the last century, in connection with the beginning of feline activity in Russia for the first cat shows began to appear, and these short-tailed pets. The judges were hard pressed, as it was difficult to understand — to include what breed these animals. At that time there were only two known breeds with short tail — Mainxe and Japanese Bobtail. Japanese Bobtail sounded more interesting and exotic shorthair cats so many originally certified it as the Japanese Bobtail, although at that time, the breed was created in the United States was fully formed and closed to the novice class. With the growth of professionalism of Russian judges, as well as in connection with all the growing interest in aboriginal cats and the arrival of foreign judges exhibitions in Russia, it became clear that nashikorotkohvostye cats are absolutely not similar to the Japanese Bobtail and do not meet the standard… They are bigger, more powerful, have a completely different head and proportions, another coat. Thanks enthusiasts — Lilia Ivanova Tatiana Bocharov Oksana Pushkin — were removed from the first specimen of the Kuril Islands is for breeding. Nurseries «Kunashir,» «Aquarius» and «Renaissance» did a great preliminary work, cat kennels these lines are in many pedigrees of modern generation bobtail.
Pre-standards of the new breed, dubbed «Kuril Bobtail» was developed under patronage Breeding (former Soviet) Feline Federation (SFF), and was adopted in 1991. The first step towards the recognition of the breed was made. But for the recognition of Feline Europe was still far away. Showing that short tail firmly inherited and is not associated with impaired health, work was initiated on completion and submission of the breed standard in WCF (World Cat Federation). And in 1994 passed the approval of the new breed standard «Kuril Bobtail» in the WCF. The breed is not standing still and is constantly evolving, so there is a need to finalize the standard, and what was dedicated breeders IFSJ commission meeting in June 2001, which was amended and amendments to existing standards.
Victory Kuril Bobtail in many exhibitions in Russia and Europe have stirred up interest in the new native breed. In October 2002 in Tallinn was a presentation of rock tribal commission FIFe (Federation Internationale Feline). Kuril Bobtail literally enchanted by its beauty and perfect behavior in the ring experts — members of the tribal committee. In 2003, at the General Assembly in Amsterdam FIFe breed was represented by Admiral Matrosskinym Barrayar and his two brothers — Yashka and Jason. It was decided on the adoption of the breed in FIFe without division into groups of colors, the breed was adopted in category III. from 1 January 2004 he began to show career Kuril Bobtail system FIFe. Now breed many animals with the highest titles of the system. In 2008, the FIFe General Assembly in Lisbon was decided to divide the Kuril Bobtail in judging 4 groups of colors.
Since 2003, the work is being done on the registration and recognition of a third breed feline organizations — TICA — The International Cat Association. Pre-created breed standards (at the moment — this is the most appropriate and detailed standard), conducted registration of nurseries, cats, litters. A working group on the breed led by Sharon Ann Paradis (kennel «Orchid Bob»). In 2008, the semi-annual balance sheet of the session rukodyaschego TICA in Nice were presented Kuril Bobtail Nursery Baby Flac. At this stage, the rock moved from the category of «registration only» to «pre-recognized breeds.» Thus the two most popular feline system in the world recognize our Russian breeds and one conducted intensive work on recognition. For the ultimate recognition in TICA need more great work and consolidation of breeders from different countries. But now Kurils successfully exhibited on special rings TICA as PNB (not in the Championship without ratings — only one place), and we hope that the Kuril Bobtail very soon become internationally recognized and beloved, the second after the Siberian, Russian native breed.
Kuril Bobtail — a young domestic breeds, bred of the Mother — nature. They live on the Kuril Islands in very harsh, humid climates.
Owners «Bobby» for their independent and courageous character, for hunting prowess, for resemblance dubbed trot, and for affection, sociability and devotion called HOME.
Externally Kuril Bobtail, and, though very similar to the lynx, the same ears and tassels; fur is not very long, but luxurious. The body is strong and muscular. Hind legs noticeably higher than the front, so unusual gait bobtail and flirtatious.
And finally, the tail — Kuril Bobtail is short, scanty, bent, folded, or are wound itself around. Two identical tails Kuril Bobtail impossible to find. Bobtail tails like fingerprints in humans. They are as unique as possible. Therefore, breeders have come up with a few terms to help them in their work (whisk, spiral, tree stump, hook, Delayed bobtail).
In the Kurile Islands, these animals rescue home owners from the invasion of rats. And cats do not know the fear in battle with rodents. Destroying adult rats, they are powerful front paws tearing deep burrows and get to the rat offspring. In conventional homes, they are happy to chase a fly and mosquito, and cockroach races entertain them too.
«Kurils» — great anglers. These cats can dive for fish. The ears are set with a slight tilt forward, which will allow to fold the ear so that the water runs off and misses the ears.
The breed standard recognizes two variations Kuril Bobtail:
Short hair — hair is short, tight, with well-developed coat, a thick spine and moderately developed undercoat.
The hair of medium length — poorly developed topcoat, abundant outer coat and ostepokrovny hair and dense undercoat. It is desirable to complete development of a «collar», «panties» and tassels on the ears.
compact, muscular, slightly arched back and raised croup. Limbs strong, hind legs longer than the front, round paws. The tail must have wrinkles and twists, one or more nodes in various combinations. Length excluding coat from 3 to 8 cm. Hair on the tail is longer than on the rest of the body and forms a pompom.
large, trapezoidal shape, with smooth contours. Profile with little transition. Cheeks broad, muzzle of medium length, rather broad, smooth outlines. The chin is well developed.
medium size, wide and open at the base, set rather high, slightly tilted forward. The distance between the ears is approximately equal to the width of the ear. The tips are rounded.
round, set well apart and at a slight angle. Eye color should be in harmony with coat color.
short, with well-developed guard hairs and undercoat bland.
not recognized colors in any combination of chocolate, lilac, cinnamon, fawn (including tabby, bicolor, tricolor) and acromelanic colors. All other colors are recognized.
tail of 8 to 12 cm or shorter than 3 cm. Effect of Delayed bobtail; Only one caudal vertebra; excessively curved back.
Signs on which the animal is subject to disqualification: no tail, short straight tail, tail length greater than 12 cm.
prohibited crossing with other breeds. In the Novice class requires confirmation of imports from the Kuril Islands.
Kuril Bobtail their behavior are very similar to dogs, such as dedicated, outgoing, smart, playful, contact and are easily trained. And most importantly, they are always there — or on his knees or legs, or the bed, or directly on the pillow sleeps next. He’s like a dog, tail follows you everywhere, as it should be near the legs together. So about them and say Kuril Bobtail — the embodiment of the dog in the cat’s body.
The cats do not mark territory, but with the proviso that in one area does not live with them a cat of the same breed — they are in a similar situation will take over and rule of asking people, unable to put himself at the head of the pack, with nothing feline behavior can not do; do not smell; scantily perelinivayut to 1, 5 years old, and then practically do not shed; non-allergenic and suitable for allergy sufferers. These cats get along well with children; get along well with dogs and other pets; cats are flowing late and rarely bring 2-4 kitten (of course, each cat individually); Cats do not sing loudly and untied after 2 years.