Oriental cat — cat breed officially recognized in 1977 in America. Distinguishing features — long, slender body, delicate bones and muscles strong, wedge-shaped head, impressively large ears, a long, thin tail, playful, talkative, friendly character, attachment to the person. Belongs to the Siamese and Oriental breed group.
At the end of XIX century predecessors of modern oriental cats, along with Siamese cats were imported from Thailand to England. Encyclopedia Britannica (11th edition, 1903) mentions the fully colored Siamese.
Prior to 1923, continued to argue about animals with solid color and their show career, while British club Siamese (Siamese Cat Club of Britain) are not agreed: «The club is very sorry, but does not find it possible to encourage the cultivation of other varieties of the breed, except blue-eyed himalayan color.» Since that time, green-eyed cat solid color were finally excluded from the class of Siamese and, accordingly, to stop work on creating breeds.
In 1956, Mrs. Elsie Quinn (nursery Quinn, CA) imported from England cat Havana Brown Roofspringer Mahogany Quinn, which is the progenitor of the breed in America. In 1958 he was admitted a preliminary standard, July 11, 1964 Havana Brown breed gained championship status in CFA.
American breeders Oriental cat chocolate color was registered as a separate breed Havana Brown, thereby retaining the original style and the uniqueness of this cat. In America «Havana Brown» is not just a color, but also a distinctive breed type, which has been lost in Europe due to the joint breeding with Siamese cats and continuous improvement.
American breeders began a campaign for the recognition of other colors plain cats Siamese type, and achieved full recognition in 1977. Taking the standard Siamese, they have made him a minor but very visionary change (the word «average» in the description of the head and the body was replaced with a «long») and simultaneously developed a program of work with color.
In 1995 Oriental breed was recognized two-tone colors, t. n. Bi-Color. Breeders, by analogy with the Balinese and Javanese cat, introduced the breed longhair gene (Longhair). Longhaired Orientals received CFA championship status in 1997.
The slender, flexible cat, with long lines, refined, very elegant and yet strong, with well developed muscles in excellent physical condition. Do not loose and not bony. Without signs of obesity. Eyes shining. Representatives longhair division creates the impression of cats with softer lines and less extreme type than representatives shorthair division.
Orientals friendly, love to travel for host and participate in all its activities, tied to a person, can not stand alone. Sociable, express their emotions and behavior voice — from quiet to loud purring meow. Enjoy playful disposition, preserve love of games to old age, are able to draw attention to themselves, can bring a ball, love to run and have fun.
A loud obnoxious voice — its availability depends on the nature of the representative of the breed. All Orientals are more talkative than representatives of other breeds, but the unpleasant sharp voice occurs as rare as in humans.
Climbing curtains — Oriental peculiar only in childhood, adulthood desire to climb the curtains inherent Orientals no more than other breeds of cats.
Colors Orientals diverse in colors and pattern. Colors are divided into groups okrasnye solid (solid), shaded (shaded), smoke (smoke), parti-color (tortoiseshell), bi-color (bi-color) and tabby (tabby).
Ebony (black). Wool everywhere on the body from the tip to the root hairs black. The tip of the nose and paw pads are black. Green eyes.
Havana (chocolate). Wool rich warm chestnut-brown tone with a uniform color of the hair from root to tip. Mirror brown nose, paw pads pink and brown. Green eyes.
A purple (lavender). Color, are difficult to verbal description. Wool is warm pinkish-gray color with a hint of gray or «frost», without blueness. Mirror the nose and paw pads lavender (lavender). Green eyes.
Blue (gray). Wool blue (gray with a hint of blue) color, light or medium density, evenly colored from root to tip. Preference is given to a lighter shade of blue. Mirror the nose and paw pads blue. Green eyes.
Cinnamon (brown). Light brown hair. Mirror the nose and paw pads light brown, almost pink. Green eyes.
Fawn (beige). Dark gray wool with beige or pink. Mirror the nose and paw pads pink. Green eyes.
Red (red). Color wool warm red, no other colors or patterns. Mirror the nose and paw pads are pink. Green eyes.
Cream (light red). Coat color pastel. Dark in color tone desired. Mirror the nose and paw pads are pink. Green eyes.
Solid (solid). The coat should be evenly dyed from the base to the tips of the hair from the nose leather and before the end of the tail.
Shaded (blackout). Patenennye colors are white undercoat with a cloak of black tipping. The darker color on the back smoothly into a lighter on the sides, face and tail and becomes quite white on the chin, chest, belly and underside of tail.
Smoke (smoky). Variation of color, when the main or tortoiseshell lower part remains NOT, hair, white. At rest, the animal seems to be the main color. In motion the white undercoat is clearly visible. Limbs dyed base color with a narrow white band at the base of the hairs, which can be seen, only parted hair. The tip of the nose and paw pads correspond to the fundamental tone.
Parti-Color (tortoiseshell). The basic color with patches of red or uniformly mixed primary and red colors on the body and limbs. Acceptable presence of several shades of red. Preference is given to a uniform distribution of spots in color.
Bi-Color (bi-color). Color match the description of the basic color with the addition of white feet, legs, abdomen, chest, muzzle and spots on the face in the form of an inverted «V». Eyes are green, blue, differently colored.
Tabby (Tabby). Color with any pattern. Distinguish harlequin, brindle, brindle, ticked. On any of the smooth colors can be superimposed pattern. For all tabby colors are characteristic of certain similar elements — drawing in the form of the letter M on the forehead, thin continuous line running from the outer corner of the eye to the back of the head, cheeks 2-3 curl on the neck and upper chest several closed rings and two rows of large dots extending from the chest to the stomach. The limbs and tail are evenly coated rings. Nose and eyes summed rim.
Marble. Thin lines are from the top of the head to the shoulders, where they form a pattern in the shape of a butterfly. Three solid parallel lines extend along the entire back of the pattern on the shoulders to the base of the tail. Large spots on each side surrounded by one or more dense circles — these elements of the picture must be symmetrical. All elements of the pattern saturated, dense color and clearly expressed.
Spotted. Drawing elements are divided into spots, preferably numerous in number and shape — round, oval or as a socket. The strip on the back is also divided on the spot.
Tiger (striped). The narrow solid line runs along the back of the neck to base of tail. The rest of the body striated continuous thin lines cascading down the sides of the spine.
Ticked. Every hair coat over the entire length, painted with alternating light and dark rings main and contrasting color (the more, the better). On the body, if you look at it from above, not seen any spots, stripes or streaks, except darker shade of hair on the back.
Silver tabby color variation, when the main or tortoiseshell tabby coloration main background lighter silvery hue. Figure desirable more contrast. The eyes and nose tip are bordered. Mirror the nose and paw pads correspond to the basic color.
The special color
White — white wool absolutely no yellowing.
Separate the 3 types orietalov white color:
1. White color with green eyes — this oriental cat breed with a solid white coat color.
2. White color with blue eyes — a Siamese cat breed, as it is in the rules of most feline associations. In fact, the blue eyes in white cats may appear under the influence of allele W (White dominant). The kitten may be born with a small spot («cap») on the head or without it. If a white blue-eyed cat in childhood had a «cap», then draw conclusions about its genetic affiliation to the Siamese breed only by crossing with Siamese cats. 
3. White color, different colored eyes, one green, the other blue — it raznoglazy Oriental.
With a white coat color, 1 year on the head can be colored spot, which then disappears. The tip of the nose and paw pads are pink. Eyes blue (forinvayt), green or a different color (one blue, the other — green).