Rabies in cats
Rabies — one of the most dangerous diseases in animals, which is associated with central nervous system. Moreover, is a viral disease, which is very easy to catch.
Especially easy rabies virus sticks to such wild predatory animals like wolves, jackals, foxes, raccoon dogs, and rodents and bats. These animals are warm-blooded, which attracts the virus. Among domestic animals to the disease are particularly prone cats and dogs, which is very dangerous for human life.
The causative agent of rabies is a virus that contains RNA and belongs to the family rhabdovirus. The source of the disease are considered infected animals. The virus is transmitted through the bite, saliva rabid animal gets into the wound. In principle, you can get infected and if a rabid animal lick you on the spot, or cut open bleeding wounds. While this, frankly, is unlikely. Bites in areas of the body where the nerve endings are particularly dangerous: neck, head injuries of muscles that do not bleed very much. In addition, you can catch the virus of rabies and in contact with the saliva of a sick animal to the skin, mucous membranes of the lips and eyes, as well as in the oral cavity.
Once the virus enters the body, it reaches the brain and spinal cord, making his way along nerve trunks. There he collected and distributed throughout the body. The animals usually huge amounts of activators «are attacking» is the brain, particularly the cerebellum, and in the cortex. Moreover, scientists have demonstrated that the infected animal body begins to produce virus at the end of the incubation period, in other words, eight or ten days before disease symptoms begin to appear clinically.
Features of rabies in cats
The main feature of the virus is that he is very afraid of high temperatures (from sixty or even a hundred degrees Celsius), and ultraviolet radiation is sensitive to the action of all kinds of disinfectants : creolin, formalin, bleach, lye. But at low temperatures the rabies virus feels more than comfortable. For example, in the frozen corpses of animals it can be stored for about two years and, thus, will remain active and dangerous.
As for the symptoms of the disease, the incubation or latent period may last a few days, so in the course of the year and even longer. However, usually a period lasts for three to six weeks after infection.
Types of rabies in cats and cats
There are two types of rabies: lush and paralytic (or silent). Typically, cat suffering from the disease of the first type. The disease has three stages:
1. Melancholic or prodromal. During this stage, the cat is especially prone to changeable mood: it is too affectionate with his master, and then suddenly tries to hide in the farthest corner, which is only able to find. However, she is too shy and wary, she tries to scratch or bite humans. If it succeeds, it may start itching, and a cat to lick or a desire contrary, scratched bitten place. Also rabid cats have a desire to bite completely inedible objects and things. Sometimes in the first stage are shown and paralytic symptoms, which resulted in a very uninspired cat starts chewing food or completely refuses to eat. In all of this the cat begins profuse salivation, and in the feces may show various foreign objects. The duration of this stage varies from one to three days;
2. Manic — when the animal starts to behave very excitedly. During this stage the cat rejects the normal and customary her food. This stage is characterized by the fact that there is a strong cat aggression toward dogs and people. Behavior they have become completely inadequate: strive to cling to the face, scratched him, bite, grab different things, thus breaking the teeth, causing damage to the mucosa and oral cavity. In place of rage comes severe depression, the cat becomes lethargic, her voice weakens and gets hoarseness. Cramps, jaw muscles and swallowing muscles paralysis strikes, which subsequently prevents the cat to eat;
3. End — animal muscle paralysis begins whole body, whereby it loses its power and energy, and then dies. This happens, usually for about two to five days.
In the event that the animal suffers indolent form of rabies, it has not been strong aggression. However, in this case, cat die sooner, the second or the fourth day. This is due to the fact that the paralysis of the muscles of the head and the body occurs much faster than the active form of the disease.
How to rabies in cats and cats
Determine the rabies during life only by clinical symptoms, and should take into account the data of history, which is witnessing a cat contact with those animals in which there is suspicion of the disease or bites. Posthumously reveal the presence of rabies virus can be based on laboratory studies or autopsy.
Do not confuse infuriating cat with similar diseases that have similar symptoms. Such diseases are not contagious and there by getting into the mouth of an animal of any foreign body, due to which the cat starts irritation, there is pain and there is a strong concern.
Treatment of rabies in cats and cats
As for treatment, it has not yet invented a cure for him. In other words, rabies is not treated, it is also prohibited against vaccinate those animals that are infected. They should be killed, and the carcasses destroyed in strict order, in accordance with the rules of safety.
Prevention of rabies in cats and cats
But there is prevention of this terrible disease: a cat trying to isolate from contact with wild animals, and to reach the age of three, she certainly must be vaccinated against rabies, which should be repeated every year. < br /> There was such a vaccination due to the French scientist Louis Pasteur, who received as a result of laboratory experiments rabicheskogo «virus fixe.» And now, since 1885, this vaccine is considered the stamp, which is used for the prevention of this disease.
After the veterinarian to be vaccinated, he is obliged to put on your pet passport date when vaccination was performed.
In the event that a cat that seemingly healthy, bitten by human, it must be delivered to the ten-insulation inspection and survey to the district veterinary hospital. After the examination, compiled a medical certificate, which is sent to the hospital, where the preventive treatment of the injured person.