Russian Blue Cat
Russian blue cat — a very elegant and beautiful cat. Her green eyes and silver hair, draw attention to it, and the magnificent and calm disposition, fall in love you in this cat forever. These cats are very friendly and independent at the same time. What makes them great household and at the same time gives you the ability to quickly adapt to any unusual conditions of life.
Homeland breed RUSSIAN BLUE assumed north Russia. Although many people believe that a cat with short hair and long ears poorly adapted to the cold. Her appearance is shrouded in legend. Like many things in the history of our country, to establish exactly how and from what species formed genotype RUSSIAN BLUE, is not possible. Before 1900 they were called Arkhangelsk blue or Maltese or Spanish, so that the question of the origin of the breed is still very controversial. Like cats too much in Scandinavia. It is known that in 1893 the English breeder Carew-Cox was taken from Arkhangelsk couple of cats, with whom began their pedigree breeding in England.
If you look at photos of Russian blue cat Boyard, the famous manufacturer of nursery Carew-Cox, one can see a number of features characteristic of the Russian Blue to the present day; it,, plush «wool pads,, markedly pronounced» whiskers, ear shape, and the general proportions of the body. However, similar cats mentioned in the chronicles of English, since 1860, so it is possible that in England met with them much earlier. The main feature of the breed was considered a short, dense coat that differs sharply from the British imported cats blue pet cats. Cats with a «double» coat (undercoat length almost equal to the length of the spine, top coat is expressed very poorly) do occur in Russia, and not only in the northern regions. British cat lovers struck by the difference between this blue cat from the local British — a long, slender body and small triangular head.
Some of the cats were imported with amber or golden eyes, but most had green eyes. In 1895, Arkhangelsk blue was put in the same class with the English blue house cat, where unifying feature was the color. It is well known that the Russian Blue in determining the least was the breed of English selection, while the fact is that she has never met in England in vivo. Until 1912 remained the first name Russian Shorthair: Arkhangelsk blue.
It should be noted that in southern Europe (Malta and Spain) also found instances like Russian blue cats but these countries do not have such dense undercoat, like Russian, their hair is short and thin. However, Southern European blue cats are wedge head with large ears, green eyes, long legs, that is morphologically they are closer to the standard Russian blue than the natives of Russia. In connection with the above, we can assume that cats and southern Europe have contributed to the Russian Blue breed.
At the beginning of XX century Arkhangelsk cats appeared in the United States. In the library of Yale University have documents that mention Russian Blue — describes a large blue-gray cat that belonged to Alexei, son of Tsar Nicholas II.
Until the end of the XIX century and the first decade of the XX-th Arkhangelsk cats exhibited in the same class with British and French (chartreuse) Blue Shorthair. They were united in color. Due to lack of partners they are often crossed with blue cat on one and the other side of the Channel. Mrs. Carew-Cox, which imported cats from Russia accounted for and their first performance. From these descriptions it is clear that among the first export of cats across and bicolor, which at first may have been involved in the breeding, along with the same color. This explains the appearance of occasional white spots, medallions and hairs in the later breeding. Merits of England in the formation rocks are huge: the cat was named, its origin was found for the first time shown in the exhibition and get a description. However, almost simultaneously with the English experience arises breeding Russian Blue in other European countries. In Norway, was known nursery «Canon Gilderstoun» from the owner which was presented with a pair of breeding cats Carew-Cox. An important event in the history of the breed was the division of the British blue cat into two categories — a heavy type of British blue and light blue alien type. In 1912, there were new name cat «Foreign bleu» — foreign pigeons. This expression in the terminology of the English breeders meant raznoporodnyh shorthair cats do not just foreign origin, but of a certain type, different from the native British. The most prominent features of the exterior «foreigners» were lightly built, tall legs, wedge-shaped head, flat or slightly convex forehead, large ears, almond-shaped eyes. The tradition of this name still survives in some standards of Russian blue, where the body type is described by the word «foreign». The final name of the breed was given in 1939, when it was entered in the catalog of the British cats called «Russian Blue». The number of fans of the breed increased, and in the 30s created the Association of Russian blue cat lovers, and at exhibitions Russian blue cats are put in their own exhibition class.
During the Second World War there was a real threat to the physical destruction of Russian blue as well as many other breeds. At this difficult time, the British maintained a Russian Blue Zoo Danlou where always with great sympathy for this breed. Several private nurseries where bred Russian blue cats were evacuated from Holland to England, America and other countries. After the war, the breed was actually restored the efforts of breeders. In 1944, Scandinavian breeders and crossed Russian blue cat from Finland named Pierrette with Siamese cat named Long Fellow of-Annam, which had blue color faces (blue point). They wanted to create a new database, to improve the color of the eyes and as far as possible to escape from the British type. From that time until 1965, due to the small number of representatives of the Russian Blue breed Russian blue pretty regularly crossed with Siamese and Orientals, focusing on the preservation of the plush textures of wool and silver-blue color. As a result, an intermediate version in morphology between the initial and middle east species. Such matings led to undesirable results: the manifestation of kittens color blue-point, born to parents of blue, although in some feline organizations and to this day the color version, though not an exhibition, but still allowed in breeding. This process was both in Europe and in the United States. End of this crossbreeding in England has been put in the middle of the 60s, and on the European continent and in the US much later. As a result of these crosses Russian blue purchased bright green almond-shaped eyes, and the proportions of the infringement occurred (stretching the body, head and limbs in length) and body shape (tube-shaped structure), thinning of the core, reducing the size. Since crossing Russian blue with Siam in Europe and the United States were conducted independently, and the results were different, as reflected in the breed standard of European and American origin.
In 1965, breeders tried to go back to the original form as possible — clear signs of oriental type, it was decided to exclude. Adopted a new standard for the breed, which focused on fur: undercoat and guard hairs should be approximately the same length, smooth blue hue with bleached tips of guard hairs that give hair a visible sheen. An important element of the profile angle brow became the new value received form whisker pads, which by now are distinctive expressive element of the head. Standard of 1965 was the basis for all subsequent standards. Thin type of Russian blue fades, aided and recognition in 1972. Oriental blue rocks.
This episode in the history of Russian blue can serve as a warning against dangerous crossings with alien species, which lead to undesirable and sometimes fatal genes having long-term consequences for breeding. Until now, in litters Russian Blue Siamese sometimes appear, and a lightweight body type persisted throughout the 80s and 90s. This type still gets top marks, for example, in US exhibitions.
In the 70 years, the efforts of many enthusiasts, the original type of Russian blue was generally recreated. During this period the Russian Blue is very popular and actively bred not only across Europe but also in America. After a period of revival of a lull.
In the late 80s the first Russian Blue cat breed were imported into Russia from Czechoslovakia. And by the early ’90s formed a certain population. When breeding most breeders have used local phenotypic Shorthair blue color, which was crossed with Russian blue cats imported from other countries. Great influence on the development of the breed vendors have Dutch and English lines. These animals can be found in many pedigrees, they were given a lovely offspring that now used in various nurseries. In these years, the foundation was laid breeding Russian Blue cats in Russia.
In 1971, the Australian selectors have made a program for the removal of Russian white variations of this breed. Now there is a black Russian variation, which is recognized in the United States. It should be noted that attempts to keep the rock white and black colors are not met with much success: wool with these colors do not get so soft and silky, like a blue variations.
In 1987 the breed was officially recognized Nibelung, which is a variant poludlinnoshёrstnym Russian blue. Since the early 1980s, in litters Russian blue cats in the United States began to appear longhaired kittens. As a result of breeding was obtained a new breed of cats, much like the Russian Blue, but with one exception — they had long hair. The special structure of hair reminiscent of Balinese cats only was softer and softer. Title Nibelung, possibly associated with the breed name of the founder — a cat named Siegfried.
At the moment, Russian blue is one of the most popular breeds of shorthair cats, and Russian breeding developed in Europe with unprecedented intensity. Type Russian blue cat Russian selection is constantly improving, and in recent years, according to the activity and longer export to all parts of the world, gaining international recognition.
Beautiful, affectionate, with a soft melodious voice, Russian blue cat is in all respects a model.
Russian blue cat — loyal and loving friend. They are superbly connected attachment to the owner and the cat’s independence. It is touching to you attentive but never intrusive or bothersome. Also worth noting that the Russian blue cats do not tolerate violence against them — a cat with character.
Russian Blue has a wonderful intellect and the mind; can communicate with you on your cat’s tongue and perfectly understand human speech and gestures. Russian blue perfectly understand your mood — when you can go and when to run away. An interesting feature of the breed is that neither the game nor when communicating with a person not Russian blue claws.
Russian Blue does not have the character traits such as harm. Something or make a mess out of spite, this does not happen. From the behavior of Russian blue can immediately understand that they do not like something and fix it. If you do not see, and then, they can nashalit bit, but no more.
Russian Blue are very lively and playful cat. They are very curious and interested in everything that happens around. They are worried about all the unfamiliar sounds, all unfamiliar things they immediately begin to explore. They are very clever — all unfamiliar things Russian blue explore its soft paws. Russian blue a bit shy by nature, so they are wary of strangers, until they realize that the stranger does not pose danger to them. But Russian blue perfectly coexist with other pets.
Russian blue cat to a greater extent than other breeds of cats kept hunting instinct and natural charm. Nevertheless, it is superbly adapted to life in an apartment, and she did not sign a «taste» of the street. Russian activity results in the hunt for flies, playing with cousins and a variety of toys. All the interesting things for them, they turn into toys. Therefore, being a Russian Blue will find something to do. They often lie in wait like wild cats their «prey», and then lightning movement «catch up» her. We should not forget that these gorgeous cat-jumpers, and for them is not a problem height. Russian blue cat loves stacked houses and places higher.
Russian blue cats by nature are very clean. They often wash and stung by foreign substances on their gorgeous skin. Accustomed to the tray, they he never «change.» Russian Blue cats are usually not labeled.
Therefore, Russian blue can be attributed to one of the most trouble-free content in cat breeds.
For all its qualities — Russian Blue — the perfect cat for the person who wants to find a beautiful, intelligent, loyal and not too annoying for other life together.
elongated physique mean when graceful body. Neck long straight tail is long and sharply tapering. Feet tall, handsome, narrow oval feet.
short and wedge-shaped, the skull is long and flat.
long and pointed, broad at the base, standing upright on his head. Leather pink ears, thin and transparent, on the inside of the hair quite a few.
living, widely spaced, large, almond-shaped. Eye color green.
a short, thick and silky.
clean, uniformly blue with a distinct silvery sheen. Nose leather and paw pads, gray-blue.
white spots, stripes, stocky build, rectangular or round head, round eyes, yellow turn green eyes, a distinct type of Siamese and surrounding fur.
the wrong structure of the skeleton, or dislocate the nodes on the tail, the upper or lower snacking more than two millimeters, curve jaw slack spine, too deep set or protruding eyes, squint, dwarfism.
In addition, there are flaws that lead to disqualification: anomalies with fingers (more or less), amputated claws, colored or shaved hair, stains more than 1 cm in diameter, and aggressiveness.
Russian Blue are a natural breed of cat that is not derived artificially, so they have a very good health and a strong immune system. Russian Blue breed have no diseases. With good care, they do not get sick and live long enough. They are not afraid of drafts and cool atmosphere.
Russian blue have short hair, so require minimum maintenance. Good to 1-2 times a week combing fur brush with bristles, massaging the skin to improve blood circulation and give access of air to the roots. Cats should wash every few months.
Russian Blue Coat prone to browning, so you should limit them to sunbathing, as well as give food or feed with a low content of copper, iodine and seaweed.