The Somali cat — a variation of long-haired Abyssinian, amazing creature that will not leave anyone indifferent. Unusual color attracts attention. Once there is an association with the squirrel or chanterelles. The same red-haired with dark heels and patterned on attractive face, a chic fluffy tail.
History of breed Somali
A little bit of history of the breed. The birth of the Somali cat can be considered in 1967, when the American Abyssinian breeder Evelyn Megyu sheltered adult cat that had to change in a short time five owners. Evelyn was so shocked by the beauty of this cat that has decided to clarify its origin. He turned SLH Abyssinian born in her kennel. Evelyn decided to try to get on the same pair of new semi-longhair Abyssinian kittens. When she did, she called the new breed of «Somalia», in honor of the African country adjacent to the birthplace of the Abyssinians — Ethiopia, formerly called Abyssinia.
Mrs. Megyu a lot of work for the recognition of the new breed. In 1972 she organized the American club of fans of Somalia (SCCA) and became its first president. In 1979, the largest feline CFA Association of America first officially recognized the new breed called Somalia (Somali), eventually followed suit other feline system. FIFe — the oldest of the European systems — Somalia recognized only in 1982.
At the moment, the breed is recognized by all the major feline organizations, but there are some differences in the recognized color and slight differences in the standards. Thus, CFA recognizes only four color Somalia — wild sorrel, blue and fawn; and WCF and FIFe — eight, four main and four silver-based.
Description of breed Somali
Somalia — a well-known breed that is very popular all over the world. Unfortunately in our country the breed until Obscure and rare. Animal medium to large size, «royal species», harmoniously proportioned, has a rather graceful appearance. Long format. Quiet, loves children.
Dlinnosherstnostnost these cats determines the recessive gene, so the sign of the long hair is seen only when the gene is present in the homozygous state. This means that for long-haired kittens were born, both parents must carry the gene longhair. Two Somali always born longhaired kittens, and from Somalia and Abyssinia — always shorthaired, but carrying longhair gene from two Abyssinian animals carrying the gene long hair can be born and Somali and Abyssinian kittens.
Typical sign of the breed — ticked coat color. Ticking — when every hair is painted in several colors, has a transverse dark stripes. The more, the more valuable animal. It is important for basal area of wool was painted in warm colors, coat color, respectively.
The hair of medium length, soft to the touch and thick, slightly shorter on the shoulders. On the neck collar on the hind legs — pants. A special pride of the Somali cat — gorgeous and very long bushy tail. Some exceptions Somalia fragile, graceful cat.
From abissinok Somalia was passed grace and liveliness of character. Somalia is very playful, curious and affectionate, and, unlike abissinok, very silent. Just like the Abyssinians, Somalia can not stand alone and closed space. They just need to communicate and golf games and races.
Somalia — very playful, joyful cat. She is intelligent and loyal, easy to get along with children, it is not aggressive. These cats are kittens, love to play at any age. Somalia will always be happy to spend time with you and help take part in any business. At the same time, it is not intrusive and tactful. Somali cat is very beautiful and graceful, aristocratic gait and posture, she even sleeps like a lioness on vacation. After all, Somalia — a personality! But not haughty and arrogant, and enormously affectionate. She starts to purr as soon as you look at it. Somalia will never annoy you with loud cries, her sweet soft voice. Its more like a meowing murchanie and play bells.
Somali society like and do not like to be alone. Also, they do not like the cells and limit their freedom. The content of the Somali cat locked may very bad for her health and cause neurosis. Somalia — a full-fledged member of the family, a faithful friend and companion. She will play with you or for you when you look at it. It can be interesting to teach tricks. Somalia hug your foot, neck and lick her hand, like a dog coming pomurchat to handle and never specifically claws. Even during the active game Somalia controls his daggers, may accidentally scratch only if you put your hand to where it already flies.
Somalia is not suitable for people who just need interior decoration and cat doll that where put there and lies. In this case, better to look to other breeds.
Colors breed Somalia
The original COLOUR Somalia as Abyssinians are wild and Sorel. Somalia has not escaped the influence of fashion and also classic options Abyssinian, new, more subtle, refined shades.
The basic color at this time are:
The Wild (ruddy)
Red hair with black tips or brownish-red hair, darker shade is required along the spine (back strap). Chest and legs on the inside are painted in a uniform apricot-red color without spots. On the feet between the toes — tufts of black or dark brown hair. White color is only valid in the area and chin whiskers. White color on the neck and chest undesirable. Any white blotches on the body — the reason for disqualification. The tail is painted uniformly dark stripe from the back reaches the tip of the tail, the tip of the tail is dark, as well as the tips of the ears. Nose brick red with black rim. The hind legs are dark to the feet, paw pads are dark brown or black.
The color of the roe deer (fawn) (fawn)
Wool matte cream, dark areas of color, but warm at the base coat light cream. Nose leather and paw pads — pink. The most prized color is uniform.
Wool smoky-blue at the base coat of light beige or light cream ottenka. Chereduyutsya gray-blue stripes on a warm beige background. Nose of dark pink color with a dark rim. Pads gray-blue.
Wool from light brown to copper-red at the base of bright apricot background. Alternating light and dark shades. Valid dark red shades. The tips of the ears and tail are brown. Nose leather and paw pads — pink. Claws on the feet between the tufts in the color of the pitch. The same color and feet hind legs.
In addition to the basic colors of silver taken options: silver ruddy, silver sorrel, silver blue, silver fawn In all cases in silver colors primary color corresponds to coat color, and the undercoat (wool at the base) and the white stripes ticking. In Europe allowed more colors.
The Somali Breed Standard CFA
The overall impression of average size, which is proportional to the muscular cat, showed a lively interest in the environment, friendly people. Cat impresses active animal with excellent health and vitality.
Head modified wedge with rounded contours without flat plans and any angularity. Cheeks and gently contoured profile. Easy to bend from the back of the nose to the forehead. The skull is wide. Smooth transition line from the head to the neck.
The muzzle has soft contours corresponding to the outline of the head in general. The chin is strong, rounded, with no signs or overshot mouth. The muzzle should not be sharply marked, narrow, pointed, tapered front airbags vibrissae.
Large, alert, wide and cupped (cupped) at the bottom. Placed on a line directed to the rear of the skull. Have developed internal pubescence, desirable brushes.
Eyes are almond-shaped, large, expressive. Should not be round or «oriental». Light areas near the most eye circled dark line. Above each eye dark vertical bar from the lower eyelid toward your ear goes dark «stroke».
The body is medium size, flexible and graceful with well developed muscles. Thorax convex, back slightly arched, giving the impression of a cat getting ready to pounce. Addition average, not too tight and not too easy.
The legs and feet
proportional in relation to the body, paws are oval, compact. Even still worth Somalia looks clever and quick. Five fingers in the front and four on the hind legs.
The tail is well developed hairs, thick at the base, tapering slightly. Medium length with respect to the body.
The wool is very soft, gentle, dual texture. The denser the hair, the better. Medium length, slightly shorter on the shoulders. Preference is given to animals that have developed adorning the hair, collar and «panties».
Deficiencies in color — gray or sand tone. The remaining elements of the picture — the torn strip «necklace» on the chest, stripes on the legs, spots or stripes on the body. The absence of characteristic markings on the head and tail. Black body hair roots.
Disqualification White spots of any location other than the top of the neck (ie at the level of the throat), chin and around the nostrils. Custom color color paws or nose. Closed «necklace». Non-standard number of fingers, the hook on the tail.
Colour warm shades. Ticking clear, with contrasting light and dark stripes over volosa. Tsvet undercoat pure and intense. The presence of the «shadow» stripes along the back and to the tip of the tail. Zhelatelelen dark tone of «shadow» markings. Head markings: dark bars extending from the eyes and eyebrows, «shading» on the cheeks and on the balls of vibrissae.
The golden or green preferred pure intense colors.