The Himalayan cat
The Himalayan cat — a breed dlinnoshёrstoy cat belongs to a group of Persian, but in this breed coat color color-point (fairly light body with darker paws, tail, head and ears) and blue eyes, this color is most typical for Siamese cats. In Europe, the name of the breed — Persian color-point.
Breed Himalayan cat
Originating from Persian, Himalayan cats are similar to them much of its constitution, the body has a circular shape, a pretty stocky body, bushy tail and short limbs. Because pretty short course, Himalayan cats is not possible to jump as high as you can do other breeds of cats. However, there is a part of this breed of cats who inherited long limbs Siamese. These cats can overcome a height of 2 meters.
Himalayan cats differ in the degree of expression of the characteristic of the muzzle (stop):
1) Cats with a noticeable stop. Yet it is called the «puppet» puss
2) Cats with extreme and very pronounced stop. This face is called «pekinesskaya.»
However, a characteristic feature of all the Himalayan cats is their color — color-point. This is their main difference from the Persian cats. This color cats (color-point) is in a group acromelanic colors. Such a color pigment is formed on areas of the body where the temperature is lower (on the protruding parts of the body), the remaining parts of the body pigment is practically absent.
Wool fluffy, long, thick and soft in the Himalayan cats. Very expressive eyes bright blue eyes and give extra brightness around the image of the Himalayan cat breed.
The color of hair cats of this breed white or cream color, although the spots may be blue, purple, chocolate, dark brown (walrus ), red (flame) and cream. At these spots may be present figure.
The special demand cat with the color in which the well marked contrast between the color of the main color and the color of the spots. Very important «mask» on his face — it should be dark in color and well delineated: do not go on the neck and chest. Fully color formed at 2-3 years.
Himalayan cats are usually clever, sociable, affectionate and calm. Very sociable and require the attention of the people are always so close to them, very painfully overcome loneliness, love is on the hands, and that they stroked and caressed. In addition, the Himalayan cat is much more mobile than the Persians and very playful, loves to race around the room a piece of paper, a ball or other object, while actively involved in the game with a man.
The history of the breed Himalayan cat
The Himalayan cat was bred in the US in the 50s of last century, by crossing the Persian and Siamese cats, kittens were taken to the characteristic expression Siamese color. Later longhairs were obtained with the gene Siamese. However, the UK has also been independently derived breed longhaired Color-Points. From the Himalayan breed distinguishes them more elongated snout and intense color.
Around the beginning of the 60s Himalayan cat was recognized as an independent breed separate from the Persian, the main associations of cat lovers US — ACFA and CFA.
Great Britain recognized the breed in 1955 year.
In 1984, the combined standard Persian and Himalayan cat in a class where the Himalayan cat breed has been separated into a special group color.
In Russia Himalayan cats appeared in the late 80’s — early 90’s and have been imported from the USA. The Himalayan cat is still fairly rare breed cats
Character Himalayan cats
Himalayan cats have a very quiet, soft, balanced character. Basically like to live in their homes and are perfect boyfriends. Unlike the Persians, they are more demanding and energetic, but the emotional and docile than eg Siamese cats.
The attachment is clearly seen in their willingness to follow their owners everywhere to take part in their affairs, and of course spend the most time on the lap of the host.
The Himalayan cat is very well go to the contact with the children and are willing to tolerate their antics.
Himalayan cats exposed to severe stress, if they are placed in an enclosed small space. So doing this is not recommended
Wool Himalayan cats, as well as Persian cats need constant care. If you do not follow the cat hair, then soon it matted tangles appear to have cut, eventually appearance cats will be extremely horrible. Usually begin combing comb with a few teeth to straighten hair. Second approach uses a portion of the comb and remove dead hair. Third call must carefully comb hair brush with natural bristles with a long handle.
For many cats need extra care of the eyes and muzzle. This is due to the fact that this species has cat defective septum, and because of this, insufficient formed tear duct and is often present increased lacrimation, and as a result of lacrimal appearance of stains on the skin. Therefore constantly inspect your cat’s face, for the presence of secretions and, if necessary, wash your your cat.
Many breeders are advised to regularly bathe Himalayan cats were to remove excess fat grease glands are allocated on the cat’s skin. Usually Himalayans less comfortable with the bathing, so that problems will not make you do
Some representatives of this breed of Persian cats inherited gene that leads to polycystic kidney disease. So watch your cat, if you noticed that the cat is drinking a lot, and there are frequent urination, or attempts to use the toilet in the wrong place, should contact the veterinary clinic.
Standard Persian cat with a supplement for the Himalayan division (CFA)
Head The head is massive, large, well-balanced with a broad skull. The muzzle is large and round. The chin is strong, broad and powerful jaws. The nose is short and broad, the stop is well defined and is not above the upper and below the lower eyelid eyes. Rounded forehead, cheeks full.
Dimensions Dimensions are medium to large. The backbone of tight. Body broad and short. The back and shoulders are massive. Ribcage broad. Muscles are well developed.
Eyes The eyes are round, large, well open and widely spaced relative to each other. Eye color is bright blue.
Ears The ears are small, rounded tips, covered with hair, planted widely and fairly low on the head. Leaned forward slightly.
Neck The neck is short and strong.
Limbs Limbs strong, sturdy, short. Muscles are well developed.
Feet Feet are round, big, strong desirable. Preferred tufts of hair between the toes.
Coat long and dense, fine silky texture. Full «frill» at the shoulders and chest.
Tail Tail bushy, short, proportional to the length of the body with a rounded tip.
back strain, fracture or other deformation of the tail, skull or strabismus, weak limbs, white spots on the chest or groin.
Colors Himalayan cats
Type color-point possible by the Himalayan gene carrying Siamese. Himalayan gene was the result of a mutation (change) gene primary color. In Himalayan gene changes have occurred, so that an active enzyme tyrosinase is responsible for the formation of melanin in cells of the animal, as it does not appear and the pigment is not formed.
In fact, tyrosinase is formed in the cells, but later becomes a heat-sensitive: it is active and releases melanin at low temperature, but not active at high. That’s why there is «Siamese» color: on the protruding parts of the body where the temperature is lowered, the pigment is formed, and on the rest of the body — there is practically no.
Currently, there are many choices of color Himalayan cat. With white or cream body color, spots may be dark brown, blue, lilac, chocolate, red and cream. On color stains can be tabby or tortoiseshell pattern.
Very rare color with tiger pattern on the spots, because it was a long period of time is not interesting, and interest by just now.
It is rarely the chocolate and lilac, because the gene responsible for this color — recessive, it must be present in the cat and the cat to appear kittens lilac and chocolate color. Therefore, they are very rare and can be found in certain breeders colors: chocolate brown spots brindle or tortoiseshell pattern (of the world around twenty nine cats); spots with purple tiger pattern on the background of the main color cream (about fifteen cats).