Turkish Angora — a semblance of a noble nature, it is all literally glow with its unusually beautiful hair. And the length of the trim body, underlined easy gait makes these cats unusually beautiful. And its triangular muzzle gives this breed finesse. Although it has all its characteristic features of normal cats, playful, affectionate and independence.
Turkish Angora is descended from the wild Libyan cat (Felis silvestris lybica), inhabiting the steppes of Africa and the Middle East. The first representatives of this species were domesticated thousands of years ago * and gave rise to all modern domestic cat. It is considered that the domestication of cats began in Egypt, but according Shauenbergu cat came from Iran to Egypt domesticated or semi-domesticated already. The fact that the domestication of the cat occurred not only in Egypt, say animal remains found during excavations of ancient settlements on the territory of the Caucasus, Central Asia, India *.
Many sailors willing to take with you on trips cats. Since cats were in India, China, and then — in Europe. It is believed that they were brought to Britain by the Romans. While the cats were quite rare, highly valued and considered a luxury. Soon, these animals have spread almost all over Europe, but by the time little was left of the former love of man to them. Cats were considered companions of witches and wizards…
But we are more interested in cat and a resident of the Caucasus region. Presumably, this is where the mutation occurred, due to which there were the first animals c elongated hair. And, most likely, there was first attracted the attention of the people unusual cat with snow-white fur. Then, and began a long history of Turkish amazing beauties — Angora cat…
As with all native breeds, the history of its origin is unclear. We only know that it was formed on the basis of the population of cats that lived in Turkey since the beginning of the XV century. Breed name given in honor of the Turkish capital of Ankara (the former name — Angora).
Quite deservedly Angora considered one of the ancient semi-longhair breeds. And although it is presented of various colors, the most popular and respected exactly white Angora cats with orange, blue and different colored eyes (one blue eye, the other — orange).
But even among them, particular preference is given to cats raznoglazym called in Turkey «Ankara Cady.» Perhaps this is due to the fact that a national hero Mustafa Kemal Turkish people Ataturk (Atatürk in Turkish language means «father of the Turks») eyes were a different color. Made in due time a statement that his successor would be a man bitten on the ankle raznoglazoy white angora, Ataturk thereby provoked widespread popularity of this cat. Since then they have in the East are considered carriers of happiness and prosperity.
However, it should be noted that respect for cats Muslims formed from the oldest times. Evidence of this — the lack of a ban on cat entrance to the mosque, as well as the legend of the Prophet Muhammad, velevshem once cut off the sleeve of his robe, but would not disturb a sleeping cat on it. Cat appreciated and considered «clean» animals.
Since the XVI century, the Angora cats as gifts from the Turkish sultans were brought to Europe, where they were often called Persian.
Angora cats were considered expensive and valuable gift for the elite.
In Europe and especially in France, Angora cats were popular XVIII century. It is no secret that they were held in many of the royal palaces of France, Britain and other Western European countries. It is known that an Italian aristocrat and traveler Pietro Della Vale during his travels in Eastern Europe, Turkey, Persia and India (1614-1626) discovered the unusual long-haired cats. In his book «The trip to Turkey, Persia and India in the 54’s letters» he described in detail what he saw in 1629g. in Iskhafane (Persia) cats. While a couple of these graceful animals with lush and long, especially on the neck and tail, fur were sent to them for breeding in Italy. But their fate is unknown, as it is not known who these cats: Turkish Angora or Persian cats future?
Also, at the time a few long-haired cats from Ankara were brought to France by the French scientist and politician Nicolas-Claude de Farben Peyreshem. This is presumed to have been representatives of the Turkish Angora. Friend and patron of the scientist — Cardinal de Richelieu — one of the first breeders and aficionados Angora cats. Not at their fan was subsequently Marie Antoinette. Naturally, with such patrons, angora from the beginning of the XVII century quickly became popular with the French royal court. As a tribute to fashion, many Europeans who have visited the East, and brought himself out long-haired cats, calling them angora. But whether they were Angoras? Hardly…
Around the same time, Angora cats were imported to Britain. Already in 1766 in the «Natural History», sponsored by Francois-Louis Comte de Buffon Leklar, described the two species already longhaired cats. One of them — the white, the second — fawn.
In the book «Manual of the education animals, human servants fun», translated from the French and published in Russia in 1789, in the chapter «The benefits of cats» of Angora cats had such references: «In Paris Wool Angora cats knit stockings and gloves, they are as warm as in the rabbit down».
When the Angora cats appeared in Russia? Similarly, it is not known. But on the basis of different information is assumed that this happened During the Russian-Turkish war 1787-1791gg. It is known that the Empress Catherine II differs love of animals. The appearance of the Angora cats at the Russian court, as a gift, is rumored to Potemkin, who was at that time in favor with the Empress.
Further, more reliable data on Angora can be found in the literature of the time. For example, in a book about cats E. Bernard (1865) describes the Angora cat brindle with an unusual color for this eye color: «… an excellent wool, tiger; blue eyes — this is an amazing animal! ».
Was this cat really Angora?
But in the book» Domestic cat «is a description corresponds to reality and there, in the list of 16 species, angora defined honorable 2 th place.
Judging by the fact that this breed kittens were very expensive, it can be concluded that the Angora cats were kept in a secured community, as evidence of the respectability of their respective owners. However, their popularity spread among all segments of the population. Evidence of this — thousands of copies of postcards greeting: «Happy angel! Happy New Year! «They lifted the white Angora cats and kittens.
The popularity grew angora (until about 1917), but was suspended from» the release of the «Persian cat (open in Persia — modern Iran). < br /> Since that time, Angora was almost forgotten. Oblivion was swift and unfair. One can only assume that while the difference between these two breeds was striking, but now, perhaps, each of them would have found its place in the hearts of fans. Unfortunately, this did not happen. Due polusliyaniya swallowed another one breed, and only many years later, when each of them has found its, pronounced face Angora reborn.
The beginning of this process was after the Second World War. Enthusiasts began angora «revive» the rock in different ways.
We can not say that the first scientifically to Angora Germans approached. In 1922 in Nuremberg was founded «Association for the protection and breeding of Angora cats.» In the two years were registered all cats, the corresponding description, ie standard, which was adopted later.
It was decided to conduct studbook. Additionally, fans of the breed in the newspaper «The animals’ produce special appendix on Angora cats. And on 13-14 December 1924 held the first exhibition of the German Angora cats, which caused unprecedented interest even outside Germany. By 1927 it was prepared and published «A Practical Guide» for the breeding, care, diseases Turkish Angora. For members of the Association and all comers free of charge via the projector showed images of the best Cat-producers. Published a series of photo greeting where Angora cats were featured in a full face, profile and full height.
In the 50s angora reappeared in Britain, and in 1977, they were officially recognized GCCF. But it was no longer the same angora, whose ancestors were Turkish cats. The breed was created anew, by artificial means. In the work on its restoration were used cats of different breeds, and especially eastern (oriental cat). Naturally, adopted in 1977, the breed standard corresponded to the results of «resuscitation», that is what appearance angora cat, which had been obtained. Born during the breeding animal had a lost look almost identical; but to express their emotions oriental, oriental voice. Accordingly, genetically British cats are far from native — Turkish Angora.
In other European countries, too, «namudrili.» Breed painfully long reconstituted with Persian cats, but because of such wool Angor more fluffy. Differ by conservative FIFe long recognized the Turkish Angora — until 1988.
Body from medium to large. Long, slender, ELEGANT-tion. Chest slightly angular.
of course. Hind legs slightly higher. Paws circle-ite with tufts between the toes.
The tail is long, wide at the base, tapering to: tip.
HEAD mean and wedge. Cats can be developed cheeks. Medium length, straight nose. The chin is well developed, the front part of the chin forms a straight line with the nose.
Ears high and close together. Wide at the base, rather large and tassels.
Eyes large, almond-shaped, obliquely set. Eye color corresponds to the color — but in any case, clean and clear. Colours: amber, green, blue or different for each eye.
Coat of medium length, fine, silky and shiny. In adult animals developed collar. Without undercoat.
Turkish Angora somewhat larger than other breeds. Head short, broad, has the shape of a triangle pointed downward. Rounded chin. Nose average, somewhat slanted, pinkish. Ears are strong, are relatively short, vertically set, tapered at the ends slightly lowered. Ears covered in tufts. The eyes are large, oval, slightly sloping, very expressive, blue or light amber. Body long, flexible, elegant, well-proportioned, looks very strong. The back part is slightly elevated. The neck is medium length, slim, powerful. Chest and shoulders are well developed. Spina muscular, loins broad and strong. The legs are long, strong, beautiful round paws (back longer than the front). Between the fingers — tufts of hair. The tail is long, wide at the base and tapering towards the end. Throughout the tail is covered with long hair. Curved up over the torso and rapid movement of the head can touch.
Character and Behavior
It is quite understandable expresses his likes and dislikes. At the same time, Angora very «entertaining» kitty. She is affectionate, playful and inquisitive. With a pleasant voice, she often used it to express their feelings. These beautiful cats have a gentle and affectionate character, are very attached to their owners. Teachable, quickly perceive and assimilate human desires and demands. Simultaneously, they are characterized by a certain slowness and phlegm. With a pleasant voice, she often uses it to express their feelings.